Three Flagler County teens, as part of Students Working Against Tobacco (SWAT), are seeing progress in their effort to raise the age in Florida. Daniel Thomas, Kamrin Bunn, and Bella Giuliano have been working on raising the age since November and have seen good community buy-in. Traveling to individual City Councils for support before approaching the Board of County Commissioners, they are working locally and garnering support from key stakeholders in their communities. Youth advocates like Thomas, Bunn, and Giuliano are key to creating successful Tobacco 21 campaigns. Check out the link above for The Daytona Beach News-Journal’s article highlighting the great effort put forth by these youth advocates.
HB 2735 was introduced to the Oregon Legislature this week. The bill was highlighted during a roll-out press conference on February 1st. Our Western Regional Director, Eric Brodell, was there to support the statewide effort and provide comment to the media. Check out the article linked at the top of this synopsis for a more in-depth look at the press conference.
Senator Carlos Uresti, D-San Antonio, seems to have more momentum moving into the 2017 Legislative Session in Texas than in years past. Bi-partisan support points toward a brighter future for a minimum legal sales age increase.
Texas recognizes that smoking related disease is still the number one cause of preventable death in the United States. contributing to hundreds of thousands of lives lost, even more various morbidities, and millions of dollars in health care expenditures among many more negative effects.
By dedicating their time and effort to raising the MLSA of all tobacco products to 21 in Texas, lawmakers forge a brighter future for their youth, one free of a deadly and expensive addiction. Follow the link at the top of the description for more.
The Food and Drug Administration has released a draft compliance and enforcement document for vape shops falling under the deeming rule, where all shops that ‘create or modify these products are considered manufacturers under the FD&C Act and, therefore, are responsible for complying with the requirements under the law that apply to manufacturers’.
By opening a draft document to the public, the FDA offers an opportunity to educate newly-deemed retailers before such an enforcement and compliance goes into effect. The document outlines: ‘definitions, the FDA’s interpretation of and compliance policy for the label requirement in section 903(a)(2)(C) of the FD&C Act, which vape shop activities subject vape shops to certain requirements of the FD&C Act, and the limited circumstances under which FDA does not intend to enforce compliance’.
It is worth noting that the FDA intends to include ‘any establishment that performs the described activities, such as stores that sell hookah (waterpipes) or pipes’. Business owners should be aware of the impending compliance laws and their enforcement provisions. For more, read the FDA’s release linked at the top of this description.
The University of Chicago recently released a study concluding that witnessing a vaporizer in use increases young adult’s urge to smoke. Similar to arguments laid out for smoking in public, cues lay heavily on this phenomena. For individuals that smoke, there was no significant difference between seeing someone use a combustible tobacco product or vaporizer when compared to desire to smoke. “The level and duration of desire to smoke among volunteers was the same whether they observed their “colleague” smoking a cigarette or using a vape pen. When the colleague drank bottled water, volunteers had no change in desire to smoke or vape.”
“We’ve made real progress on reducing smoking in our country,” King said. “We’ve done a good job banning indoor smoking. We rarely see two-pack-a-day smokers like we used to. Yet seeing people smoke in public remains common. Our study focused on a classical Pavlovian trigger, as seeing someone smoke is a known potent cue that can induce others to smoke. We did not expect that the vape pen would be as potent a cue as the regular cigarette, but it was as potent.”
More support from the medical community comes in the form of Dr. Uma B. Mishra of Orange County Radiation Oncology’s open letter to Orange County leaders. His emphasis on 95% of smoking initiation happening before the age of 21 further strengthens messages and rationale from the public health and medical communities around the United States.
We at the Preventing Tobacco Addiction Foundation also encourage Orange County to fully enforce the new minimum legal sales age law. Increased enforcement and compliance checks using youth decoys, as well as retailer education, are crucial to the success of Tobacco 21 laws. Thank you to Dr. Mishra for your public support of Tobacco 21 and its life-saving capabilities.
Bill sponsor James DiSalvo, a Highland Falls Republican, said even if only a handful of lives can be saved by keeping young people away from smoking, the effort will have been worthwhile.
Legislator Chris Eachus, D-New Windsor, said the next step in the effort to keep tobacco out of the hands of young people is to enact a local law to move tobacco advertising out of their line of sight.
There currently are nine other counties in New York state where the minimum age for buying tobacco products is 21: Albany, Schenectady, Chautauqua, Suffolk and the five counties that make up New York City. In Onondaga and Nassau counties, the minimum age is 19. All other New York counties allow the purchases at age 18.
“Columbus City Council members passed the “Tobacco 21” bill on Monday, 7-0. The legislation was sponsored by President Pro Tem Priscilla Tyson.
Dr. Rob Crane said this new law is a prevention tool that really works. He’s a clinical professor at The Ohio State University, as well as founder and president of the Preventing Tobacco Addiction Foundation.
“I think we introduced the first legislation in Ohio 20 years ago,” he said. “It took a long time to kind of get traction, but now that we have several reports from the Surgeon General, from the Institute of Medicine, we really see the science behind this.”
He cites the book, “Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products,” which was a study requested by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) back in 2013.
“Moving tobacco to 21 will save according to this book, about 4.2 million years of life just among kids alive today,” said Dr. Crane. “Studies in Massachusetts have shown that it reduces high school smoking by about half.””
“Tobacco 21 laws that include ENDS should reduce initiation of these products among youth, similar to the suggested impact MLSA laws will have on initiation patterns for cigarettes.Reduced initiation of ENDS through MLSA laws may result in reduced initiation of cigarettes, and it may also result in delayed initiation of cigarette use, because the evidence for ENDS serving as a gateway to cigarette use is increasing. 4, 14 Regardless, it is plausible to predict that local, state, or federal MLSA laws would have a critical role in substantially reducing nicotine exposure among adolescents and young adults, particularly those aged 15 to 17 years.”
Tobacco Control Legal Consortium
The Tobacco Control Legal Consortium is America’s award-winning legal network for tobacco control policy. Drawing on experts in its eight affiliated legal centers, the Consortium works to assist communities with tobacco law-related issues, ranging from smoke-free policies to tobacco control funding laws to regulation of flavored cigarettes.
“[County Commissioner] Sid Leiken made a logical-sounding argument when he declined to join his four colleagues on the Lane County Board of Commissioners [Health] in voting to direct the county staff to prepare an ordinance raising the age for legal tobacco sales to 21 from 18. Leiken said Lane County shouldn’t make itself an “island” — action to raise the minimum age ought to come at the state level.
Leiken is right; Oregon should join California and Hawaii in banning tobacco sales to people younger than 21. But in the meantime, there’s nothing wrong with becoming an island of rational public-health policy.
In fact, islands can be healthful places to live. In 2005 the city of Needham, Mass., became the first jurisdiction in the United States to raise the age for legal tobacco purchases to 21. Skeptics scoffed that teenagers could simply buy cigarettes in any of a dozen neighboring Boston suburbs. But by 2010, smoking among high school students in Needham had dropped by more than half, while the rates in nearby towns showed only slight declines. Needham had made itself an island of addiction avoidance.”
“Tobacco companies continue to spend the most money so consumers can spend less (and smoke more). Price discounts have topped the list of expenditure categories every year since 2002, and 2014 was no different.
Highlights from the 2014 report reveal some familiar patterns and some shifts in where Big Tobacco is spending its marketing budget.”
“One puff of any of the flavored e-liquids that we tested exposes the smoker to unacceptably dangerous levels of these aldehydes, most of which originates from thermal decomposition of the flavoring compounds,” said Khylstov. “These results demonstrate the need for further, thorough investigations of the effects of flavoring additives on the formation of aldehydes and other toxic compounds in e-cigarette vapors.”
The D.C. City Council, on November 1, took strong action to combat tobacco use – the nation’s No. 1 cause of preventable death – by giving final approval to measures that increase the age of sale for tobacco products to 21, prohibit the use of smokeless tobacco at Nationals Park and other sports venues, and prohibit electronic cigarette use in public and work places.
Raising the minimum age to buy tobacco to 21 would save lives by preventing adolescents from ever taking up smoking. It is the best way to prevent lifelong addiction, associated chronic disease and suffering.
A new analysis of survey data from nearly 130,000 middle‐school and high‐school students raises serious questions about the widespread belief that e‐cigarettes help reduce the number of teenagers who smoke tobacco.
When they processed the survey data for those 17‐year‐old girls who had vaped, however, a stunning 43 percent were tobacco smokers. “If e‐cigarettes are a substitute for smoking, we would expect the exact opposite,” says Ladner. “We would expect to see even more of the vapers not smoking.”
The program focuses on illegal sales to those under 21, not on the purchases, since the youth are seen as “victims.” Though some criticize the Tobacco 21 program of creating a “nanny state,” Geist said he is not aware of any businesses failing because of the law.
“The most effective way to protect our kids from the terrible toll of tobacco use is to make sure they never start smoking in the first place…”
August 30, 2016